More than 50 percent of the population show signs of venous disorders before reaching the age of 65. Two of the most frequent examples of such medical conditions are varicose veins and spider veins. Venous disorders may be unsightly and painful, but they can also cause severe medical health problems. Symptoms may include pain, cramping, swelling , restless legs and fatigue. Skin discoloration and ulcers are late findings. If left untreated, blood clots may develop.
Venous disorders may go undiagnosed due to a lack of understanding of venous reflux. This leads to a delay in diagnosis and correct treatment.
Venous reflux is synonymous with venous insufficiency. It is characterized by a malfunction of the venous valves which cause the blood to flow through these valves in the wrong direction (away from the heart) when the individual is standing or sitting. Factors that may trigger this condition are pregnancy and hormone changes, genetic influences, and occupations requiring extended periods of standing or lifting. Trauma may also be an underlying cause.
A comprehensive venous ultrasound by a qualified vein center clearly delineates the existence, location and severity of venous reflux which helps determine treatment options.
Treatment options may include changes in the patient’s lifestyle, graduated compression stockings, exercise and weight loss. Minimally invasive, office based procedures include vein ablation with laser or radio frequency, sclerotherapy, venoseal (glue) or phlebectomy.